Incentivos ao desemprego

“The Lenght of Unemployment benefits” de Pedro S Martins

The paper studies a 1999 reform in Portugal, when the unemployment benefit (UB) entitlement period was increased from 15 to 18 months for people aged 30-34. However, the entitlement was left unchanged at 18 months for people aged 35-39, who are used as a counterfactual.

The figure above displays job finding rates at different unemployment durations and finds very clear spikes exactly at the time when unemployment benefits run out. Consistently with previous evidence, these results indicate that unemployment duration increases very closely with the maximum UB length. Moreover, although one could expect that more generous entitlements would allow the unemployed to look for better jobs, the paper also reports that re-employment wages do not benefit, on average, from longer UB entitlement.

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